The 196,000-acre Hanford Reach National Monument was established when President Bill Clinton signed Proclamation 7319 on June 9, 2000. The arid landscape supports an abundance of wildlife, including elk, coyotes, mule deer, prairie falcons, and golden and bald eagles. The internationally significant fall Chinook salmon run through the Monument is the best one left in the Northwest. Rare plants and insect species found no where else in the world are of scientific importance, and the towering White Bluffs draw visitors. The Hanford Reach is the free-flowing non-tidal portion of the Columbia River remaining in the United States. The Monument was the first of its kind under U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service management. The Monument incorporated the Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge, which was established in 1953. (Also visit the Friends of Mid-Columbia River Wildlife Refuges at http://friendsofmcrwr.org/index.html).